History of Ketogenic Diet Therapy
Over a century ago, Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, had a History of Ketogenic Diet treatment for almost all childhood epilepsies and undertook research that led to the creation of the ketogenic diet. Weston A. Price and Charles P. Kearns, two neurosurgeons, discovered in 1921 that patients who ate a low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet experienced fewer seizures than those who did not. They came to the conclusion that the type of fuel the brain consumed had an impact on how the brain worked.
History of Ketogenic Diet in Epilepsy And For Weight Loss
Dr. Russell Morse Wilder, a professor of neurology at Columbia University, started investigating the ketogenic diet’s outcomes for epileptic patients in the 1920s. He came to the conclusion that treating children with uncontrollable epilepsy with a ketogenic diet was successful. However, he said that the undesirable side effects were irritation, exhaustion, muscle aches, headaches, stomach aches, constipation, vomiting, and diarrhoea.
The Mayo Clinic started utilising the ketogenic diet to treat individuals with uncontrolled seizure disorders in the 1940s. By the 1950s, children with uncontrollable seizure disorders were being treated with the ketogenic diet. Drs. Peter Jensen and Arnold Kekwick published their research on the ketogenic diet in the 1960s. Their findings suggest that the ketogenic diet may assist epileptics to reduce their blood cholesterol levels and increase their white blood cell count.
By 1970, clinicians and researchers had taken to using the ketogenic diet to treat difficult-to-control epilepsy. Dr. John Freeman introduced the ketogenic diet supplement MCT oil (medium-chain triglyceride) in 1971. Compared to long-chain fatty acids, MCT oil has a higher proportion of medium-chain fatty acids. These fats reach the bloodstream without passing via the liver and are immediately burned for energy.
Dr. Robert Atkins published his book, “Dr. Atkins’ New Diet Revolution,” in 1972. Millions of Americans were motivated to try the ketogenic diet by his book, which went on to become a bestseller. This review traces a history of ketogenic diet, reviews its uses and side effects, and discusses. possible alternatives and the diet’s possible mechanisms. When Dr. Atkins won the American Heart Association’s Gold Medal Award in 1976, it was the first time that anyone had ever acknowledged his contributions to the science of nutrition.
A modified version of the ketogenic diet was presented in Dr. Atkins’ second book, “Dr. Atkins’ New Diet Revolution,” which was published in 1980. To make the diet simpler to follow, changes were made that included adding fibre and substituting part of the fat with protein.
The first book to comprehensively describe the ketogenic diet was “Nutrition & Health,” written by Dr. Atkins and published in 1984. The third edition of Dr. Atkins’ book, “New Atkins for a New You,” was published in 1985. This book goes into great detail about how to make meals while on the ketogenic diet.
The fourth edition of Dr. Atkins’ book, “Atkins Nutritionals Complete Book of Low Carb Diets,” was published in 1988. The ketogenic diet was thoroughly covered in this book.
Another book by Dr. Atkins, entitled “The South Beach Diet,” was published in 1994. The ketogenic diet was explained in great detail in this book, along with how to lose weight while doing it. Later, this book was reissued under the title “South Beach Solution.”
Another book by Dr. Atkins, titled “Ketosis for Dummies,” was published in 1995. How to begin the ketogenic diet is covered in this book. Also, it talked about how important it is to eat the right amount of protein and carbohydrates.
Dr. Atkins updated his book, “Dr. Atkins’ New Diet Years Resolution,” and published it in 1996. A list of resolutions for the following year was included in this book. One of these goals was to cut back on meat consumption.
Dr. Atkins published one last book in 1998 under the title “Dr. Atkins’ New Diet Revolution-Fast Weight Loss.” The ketogenic diet was the main topic of this book, which also included comprehensive instructions on how to follow the diet.
Dr. Atkins died in 2002 at the age of 61. Since then, many books have been written about the ketogenic diet, including “The Big Fat Surprise” by Nina Teicholz.
1. What Exactly Is Ketosis?
Ketone bodies, a form of fuel, become the body’s main source of energy during the metabolic state of ketosis. Being in a state of ketosis refers to when the liver produces ketones. Adequate dietary fat intake is necessary for the body to enter ketosis. Ketosis is a natural state that happens when a person eats a diet high in fat and low in carbs.
2. What Is Ketosis Used For?
Glucose fuels the human brain largely (blood sugar). Since carbs are the source of glucose, eating a lot of them will result in high blood sugar levels. Insulin levels rise as a result of high blood sugar levels, which subsequently tell the brain to cease eating. Your body doesn’t have enough time to burn off those extra calories if you’re continually eating.
When you consume a lot of fat, your body begins to make ketones instead of glucose. Your body’s main source of energy is ketones. Ketones make you feel fuller for longer and burn fat simultaneously because they don’t cause insulin spikes.
3. How Exactly Does The Ketogenic Diet Work?
A ketogenic diet induces the body to use fat as its main fuel source. By consuming fewer carbohydrates, the body starts using fat reserves as fuel. A decrease in hunger, more energy, and weight loss are the outcomes.
4. Advantages of a Ketogenic Diet
The ketogenic diet has various advantages, including:
- Weight Loss: According to research, people who follow a ketogenic diet see results faster than those who follow a conventional low-calorie diet.
- Increased Energy – Many people believe that a ketogenic diet makes them feel more energized.
- Lower Blood Sugar – According to studies, people who eat fewer carbohydrates have lower blood sugar levels.
- Less Hunger: Many people report feeling less hungry after the first few weeks of a ketogenic diet.
- Improved Hunger Control: Consuming fewer carbohydrates aids in appetite control and facilitates weight maintenance.
List of foods for a ketogenic diet:
Avocados are ideal for a ketogenic diet since they are high in fat and calories. Along with being rich in vitamins and minerals, they also include fibre, iron, zinc, copper, manganese, folate, vitamin B12, and omega-3 fatty acids.
Bananas are a fantastic way to sate your sweet tooth while following a ketogenic diet. Bananas are a great source of potassium, fibre, and natural sweetness.
Protein and monounsaturated fats, two essentials sometimes deficient in the normal American diet, are abundant in nuts. All of the following are wise choices: almonds, cashews, hazelnuts, pecans, peanuts, pistachios, and walnuts.
Oatmeal is a common morning food, but if you want something a little different, try adding some berries or banana slices to increase the nutritional value. In addition to soluble and insoluble dietary fibres, antioxidants, B vitamins, and magnesium are all present in oatmeal.
Omega-3 fatty acids, which are good for the heart, are abundant in salmon, which is also a fantastic source of protein. More than 30% of the daily requirements for selenium and vitamin D are present in a 4-ounce dose. To add more nutrients and taste to your keto diet, including salmon,
The vitamins K, C, E, and A, folate, iron, potassium, and magnesium, are all present in spinach. Only 25 calories are included in one cup of cooked spinach.
A delightful fruit, strawberries are loaded with flavonoids and antioxidants that shield cells from harm. Free radicals, which cause cancer and other ageing-related disorders, are fought off by antioxidants. In addition, strawberries contain a sizable amount of manganese and vitamin C.